The definition of fitness is so difficult to pin down. I have searched for a definition for years, ever since I first started my studies in fitness, strength and conditioning. I have witnessed heated arguments between PhDs and experienced elite sports coaches on what constitutes fitness at its peak. The general consensus seems to be that cardiovascular endurance is the pinnacle of elite fitness. Cardiovascular endurance is important, somewhat, but it’s by far not the definition of true fitness, unless of course you're an endurance athlete.
I prefer to look at elite fitness from a more abstract point of view.
My definition of fitness is not a dictionary style definition. What I aim to do is explain my reasoning and logic behind what I believe makes a person fit, with fitness used as a general term. Fitness is all relative. A marathon runner is fit, but they are fit in their chosen domain. Further to that, a power lifter is also fit because they are able to perform at a high level in their domain.
The following definition of fitness comes pretty close to capturing the essence of what I am talking about here...
“Fitness may be defined as the ability of the body to cope with a specific task under specific conditions” – Dr. Mel Siff.
COACH CHRIS LYONS
0412 602 746
Who is Fit?
Quite often there are various magazines and other authorities crowning the “world‘s fittest athlete“. Most of the time the chosen athlete is a tri-athlete, swimmer, cyclist or other limited domain endurance athlete.
Mirriam Webster‘s Collegiate Dictionary describes fitness as the ability to transmit genes or being healthy. Well that‘s a great definition…Insert sarcastic tone here. Even worse than that is that many so-called authorities on fitness and strength and conditioning don‘t even dare to have a definition. Does no one really have an answer apart from Mel Siff?
For UNLEASHED Training we believe that it is fraudulent and deceptive to provide a strength and conditioning system that promotes all types of fitness without having a definition. Without clearly knowing what it is that people are aiming to aspire to and what they need is downright wrong to claim to know the answers.
So who is fit? In the simplest explanation possible, a person is fit who, in their chosen domain, can outperform a percentage of the population for that particular task. So, for example, a runner that completes a marathon in under three hours is fit, a power lifter that can squat 300kg + is fit, a sprinter that runs the 100m in under 11 seconds is fit. See what I am getting at here? To be “fit” simply means that you are a high performer for what it is that you do.
A power lifter will never find themselves needing to run 42km, so therefore is considered fit in their own domain, but not in certain others. Fitness is specific to certain classes of people/athletes. But then how do we compare people? How can we compare our power lifting friend to our marathon runner to determine who is fitter? Can it be done? Yes it can. The fittest person is…..
The person that exceeds the performance of his peers of the same activity by a greater margin. This aspect of our definition of fitness is something created entirely on my own observations, however it is a good starting point and a simplified one that most people can grasp.
Lets make that a little clearer. John Doe is a sprinter, he runs the 100m and he generally wins about 90% of races. His margin is generally about 0.05 of a second ahead. On the other hand, John Smith is a triathlete and he has only ever lost a single race. His margin for beating his competitors is generally massive. He blows the competition out of the water (figuratively). So who is fitter? John Smith is fitter. It’s not because he possesses greater aerobic fitness, it is because, compared to other competitors in his sport, he is able to win by a greater margin and with greater frequency.
UNLEASHED Training's Brand of Fitness
UNLEASHED Training is about strength and conditioning. I have little interest in simply training for the sole purpose of appearance. Appearance is best achieved through effective function. Look at the world’s best sprinters, gymnasts, javelin throwers or weightlifters. They all function at a very high level for what it is that they do and as a result their appearance is fantastic. So fitness for me is about performance and function first, appearance is secondary. Although it is undeniable that professional bodybuilders and figure athletes work extremely hard to achieve what they do. So this is not intended to take anything away from them. I'm simply illustrating that aesthetics is what it is and it's impressive, however it is not in the same category of fitness in terms of physiological performance.
Now, I have covered what I believe the definition of fitness is truly all about. It is a relative term and is about where you fall compared to others engaged in similar activities. The 100th best marathon runner in the world is less fit than the 5th best long jumper. That’s a fair comparison.
UNLEASHED Training's model of fitness extends slightly further, in that simply being good at a particular activity for a given period of time or single performance does not constitute greater fitness. A person is truly fit when they meet a few criteria. Keep in mind that this is my own personal opinion. It is based on many years of study, experience and research into the science and the art of fitness and athletic conditioning. However don’t take it as a textbook definition, because this is not an academic paper.
Criteria For Fitness
1. First and foremost for a person to be considered fit they need to be capable of performing at a level beyond much of the competition in their chosen field, as previously discussed.
2. Secondly, this must be consistent. To be considered fit, a single or limited number of performances does not count to the same degree that consistently demonstrated high-level performance does. A person must show a consistently high performance. Running a single marathon at 2:20 means you are fit right then and there, but if your other performances fall grossly outside of this then you are not considered consistently fit and therefore it is fleeting.
3. Ability to progress and adapt is essential. A person that reaches a peak relatively fast then fails to improve is considered less fit than the athlete that shows signs of continuous progression and improvement. If you can compete in the Olympic games lets say in 2016 at long jump and you hit 8.20m, then in 2020 you hit 8.60m and then 2024 you manage to break a world record at 9.10m then this demonstrates progression. Of course, this also applies to less elite performances and the general public. The ability to adapt is a criteria for fitness.
4. Broadness of skills. This is a tough one. For someone to be fit they do need to be at a high level for a chosen domain, however I believe in further-reaching skills, which show that a person is adaptable. That’s not to say a sprinter should run a marathon, however the 100m sprinter should possess a certain level of ability either side of their chosen sport, such as running a decent 400m on one side and having a high vertical jump on the other.
But why? This is because being good at a single domain creates limitations on development and eventually the athlete can stall. We have been led to believe that we all have a genetic limit to our athletic performance. That’s because someone that halts progress simply continues on the same path of flogging that same domain. The athlete that cross trains and possesses a certain level of fitness either side of the chosen domain has more chance of progression because their body is not patterned to a limited degree.
To illustrate my point take a look at arguably (or not so arguably) the world's greatest athlete, Usain Bolt. He started with cricket, his coach decided he was so fast he should try sprinting. So he took up sprinting and very quickly made his way up the 200m ranks. But he was considered too tall and lanky for 100m, but lo and behold, he started breaking record after record in that event too. Then his focus shifted either side of those and he considered competing in long jump and the 4 x 400m relay. In addition, he is also, at the time of writing this, set to play a charity soccer match with Manchester United. This is a display of a massive broadness of skill and raw physiological capacity, with each aspect of it contributing to each other and preventing a narrow focus that may ruin his ability to further progress.
Another example is muscle imbalances. The bench press record holder must have a big bench, of course. However a bench presser needs balance. He also needs posterior chain strength in order to balance out push strength with pull strength. If pull strength is lacking then the body will limit the degree of strength available for the pushing movement. Real fitness needs that balance, it allows for greater progression in a specific domain or movement.
Model one in our definition of fitness is the actual skills or components themselves. What I mean here is that a person is fit by comparison and relativity. If more than 50% of the people involved in the same or similar activities are able to perform to a greater level than a person then that person is considered relatively unfit. A marathon runner is fit, however they are fit for one domain/component, endurance. Put them in the sprinter’s situation and by comparison they are unfit and vice versa.
Further to that, model one also refers to the transferability of skills and fitness components to the broadest range of tasks. Fitness on one hand is defined, as I mentioned, by comparison with oneself or others for that specific task. However secondary to that is how well a person is capable of performing in their chosen physical field and at the same time the broadness of their ability. This means the sprinter can also run a longer distance if required, but not too far outside of what they are trained for. The weightlifter is capable of track cycling, but not at a great distance, rather for short bursts of sprinting power. The javelin thrower is good at long jump, not technically, but has the physiological capacity to develop it. This is not to be confused with wild ranges in ability. A sprinter will never be a marathon runner or even remotely good at running long distance, it makes no sense to even try. The marathon runner will never possess enough power to launch a shot put very far at all. However a 100m sprinter may be good at distances up to 400m and may also be able to transfer skills effectively to other things such as team sports like rugby or soccer. That is true fitness, being the top of your game at your chosen discipline and also possessing ability either side of that but not wildly opposite to it.
UNLEASHED Training caters to this multi-faceted approach by constructing a highly targeted training programme while also incorporating phases and a certain amount of time designated for cross training and general physical preparedness. This means the specialist is at the top of their game, however they are not entirely limited to the task they are involved with.
Keep in mind that when I speak of athletes and disciplines I am referring to everyone. Even the person wanting to lose weight is not exempt. They need to choose a path to follow, not just complete randomness as seen in group fitness classes in gyms.
Model two is the applicability of the fitness that is developed. A 100 metre sprinter that is strong is at an advantage, however they only hold that advantage if the strength developed through squatting for instance is directly transferred and applied to the motion of sprinting. Another example might be someone with more variables, such as a rugby player. The rugby player needs strength, power, endurance, anaerobic capacity, agility etc. Obviously playing rugby itself is the best form of training for the game, however additional training for other components are necessary. The rugby player benefits from a heavy squat, a large vertical jump, fast short sprint times etc. However these skills are needed and possessed by many people throughout the world, but it does not make them an automatically superior rugby player. What does is the applicability and relevance of the skills learned and how well you apply them to a rugby game as a whole. A rugby player may need to be able to drive a scrum with maximum strength after already running hard for the past 20, 30, 40 minutes, hence being fatigued when that scrum rolls around. This needs to be trained for.
All possible circumstances need to be trained and prepared for. A tennis player may have a 5-6 hour match, during which they sprint over 1000 times over short distance up to 10 metres. Sound familiar? So simply running fast for a short burst is not good enough, the elite tennis player needs to do so with very little rest between each sprint and enduring extreme levels of fatigue. So the for that short sprint ability to be applicable to the task at hand, the tennis player needs to develop fast recovery ability between efforts.
So in addition to training the individual skills required, you need to develop fitness in context. If the tennis player is sprinting that many times in a match then a certain percentage of the training needs to simulate this. That is one of the innovative and forward thinking things that UNLEASHED Training takes into consideration when designing effective training programmes for anyone. It is less of a concern for someone simply wanting weight loss or general fitness, however it still exists there too. We weren't the first to think this way, however our model is unique in its application.
Model three is pure work capacity and neuroendocrine response in relation to time. Time means everything when you’re talking about fitting a physical activity into it. Two people performing a split-second movement like an Olympic clean and jerk will have a different level of work capacity having done the lift within the same timeframe and one having lifted more than the other. Maximum output, minimal time is the simplest phrase I can use. It also applies the other way, as in a set amount of work performed within different timeframes. This second example can be seen in any kind of race. In a 50m swimming race all participants are completing the same amount of work, however some are doing it in a shorter time than others.
The aim of ALL strength and conditioning programmes we construct is to improve the work to time ratio. If you’re a marathon runner then the goal is to get your time down from the 3 hours and 15 minutes that you are currently doing to 3 hours flat within 12 weeks as an example. That’s just an example, this applies to everything. What about where fitness is measured by maximum strength? If you deadlift 200kg for one rep and another guy deadlifts 100kg for one rep then he needs two reps to get to the same volume that you have done in one rep. One rep takes less time, hence maximal output in minimal time.
Fitness, Health or Both
I have read work by experts claiming that you can be healthy without being fit or you can be fit without being healthy. My definition is different from this. I hold health and fitness to be two interchangeable terms.
So how can health and fitness be the same thing? Health has been defined as optimal functionality of all the body’s systems. How can all the body’s systems be optimally functional if the individual is not fit? This doesn’t make sense at all. What does make sense is that fitness, in its correct definition, is an increase in the body’s capacity to perform physical work. That’s work of all kinds. This work allows a person to become more effective throughout all body systems.
A strongman competitor, Derek Boyer, put it in a way I liked. He said “I feel alive when I lift heavy. When you’re sick or nearing death you are weaker and not capable of lifting very much. When you’re dead you lift nothing at all. So it makes sense that I feel like I am most alive when I am lifting my heaviest“. Please note that this has been paraphrased.
This is true health and why the terms health and fitness are both synonymous with each other. Aging happens when we can’t put out the same amount of work that we used to be able to do. Our muscles waste away, we lose our physical capabilities and the function of many body systems is reduced. This is what puts people in poor health. Poor health is a lack of fitness.
Having said all that, be warned, this “fitness is health” philosophy has a qualifier. A person’s fitness equals health only when it does not directly interfere or cause a negative impact on any of the body’s tissues or organs. So an ultra-endurance athlete may not be healthy simply due to overtraining. Overtraining can cause the body stress and result in an increase in systemic inflammation, which can cause early death due to the damage it causes to things like arteries or the heart. They are considered fit, however they are certainly not healthy when put in this context.
Fitness in Practice
Our definition of fitness is founded on a few guiding principles, here. Applying these principles will almost guarantee fitness is able to be applied and put into practice in useful tasks from activities of daily living to elite level sports or even emergency situations. As mentioned earlier, fitness skills that are not transferable are not much use to anyone at all. What is not transferable? you may ask. Well what about many of the machine weights you see at a big gym? The strength developed on these is several degrees of relevance away from anything in the real world or any sport. In order to make the strength you build there useful you need to transfer it to free-weight movements and then to specific activities. This is hardly worth the trouble and you are better placed to begin with something more close to relevant already.
Metabolic Conditioning/Cardiovascular Conditioning
Metabolic conditioning is essentially any activity where the primary stimulus is energy system related. Technically every form of fitness training is metabolic conditioning since energy systems and hormones are involved. However some workouts are designed specifically for their action on each of the three energy systems. I like to further define metabolic conditioning as the utilisation of all three energy systems at their highest capacity within a given period of time. This means that metabolic conditioning workouts are extremely intense and leave participants feeling “gassed“.
Examples of metabolic conditioning in context include distance running, interval runs, rowing (distance and intervals), swimming, continuous circuits that are scored by time etc. The three energy pathways the body uses to fuel activity are anaerobic incorporating the creatine phosphate system and the lactate or glycolytic system and aerobic being oxidative. The creatine phosphate system generally involves maximum efforts lasting up to 10 seconds such as a 100 metre sprint, long jump, shot put etc. The lactate system involves efforts typically ranging from 10 to 180 seconds of near-maximum effort such as 200, 400 and 800 metre sprint, track cycling, long sets of strength training exercises etc. The oxidative energy system, or the aerobic energy system is involved in sustained, low level activity such as distance running, triathlons, road cycling, swimming distances longer than 200 metres etc. Keep in mind that there is always cross-over between energy systems in any given activity, we're simply speaking of dominance here.
Aerobic conditioning allows a person to more efficiently utilise fat as an energy source and promotes optimal function of the heart, lungs and blood vessels. This is important, but as you may be starting to see, it is not the be all and end all and it is definitely not the pinnacle of athletic prowess so often promoted by the media or popular culture. Those that train or compete in activities dominant in the aerobic energy system experience losses in muscle mass, decreased power, compromised short duration work capacity and an all-round lack of other fitness domains. This does not sound like the ultimate definition of fitness . It also does not sit well for most athletes or those requiring superior physical conditioning for practical tasks. Unless you‘re a marathon runner, road cyclist, open ocean swimmer, adventure racer or someone else that requires a dominance in endurance activities then too much time spent in these low power activities is a hindrance to complete fitness. So, by no means am I saying aerobic endurance training is bad or wrong, I am saying that it serves a specific purpose, it is not the definition of fitness in full and does not deserve its previous place at the top of the fitness definition list.
All types of anaerobic activity also benefit fat loss and cardiovascular function. In the short term it is even better for fat loss than aerobic training. Participation in anaerobic activity is different to aerobic endurance in that it will not significantly compromise efforts to increase aerobic function for sustained activities. In fact, anaerobic training at the highest intensities can actually contribute to greater performance in such things. Keep in mind though, for the purely endurance athlete, your efforts should be dominated by aerobic training that is prolonged and falls just below or only slightly above the anaerobic threshold. Intervals alone does not a marathon runner make. For everyone else, from fat loss to team sports to even some strength athletes, intervals and extremely high intensity metabolic conditioning is of great benefit and will make you fit in terms of covering the broadness factor mentioned earlier. It is essentially a way to gain cardiovascular fitness without negatively impacting on strength and power.
Anaerobic conditioning is aimed at developing a broad range of fitness domains related to physiological capacity. The only things pure anaerobic metabolic conditioning is not capable of are skill related tasks like balance, accuracy and the like. This fits more realistically and accurately into a quality strength and conditioning program because most athletes, fire fighters, soldiers, police officers, postmen etc require these qualities. Developing purely aerobic endurance at the cost of these things is absurd and not conducive to effective use of physiological resources unless your goal is singularly endurance to the exclusion of all else.
Gymnastics and Body Awareness
By gymnastics and body awareness I am referring to any movement involving the control of one‘s own body. This includes activities such as climbing, push-ups, pull-ups, still rings, parallel bars, yoga etc. it is these activities that are responsible for the development of superior upper body and trunk strength and control of the body throughout dynamic and static activity when combined with an effective weights programme. Gymnasts themselves have no equal in terms of their superior development in such a wide range of physical skills.
Following a true definition of fitness begins with the development of basic gymnastics skills. Begin with pull-ups, dips, push-ups, rope climbing etc. Progress by increasing repetitions and quality of movement and move on to more advanced techniques such as single arm push-ups, handstands, pistols, muscle ups etc. Going further still you can progress to highly dynamic skills such as flips, rolls, parkour skills etc.
I challenge anyone using a traditional bodybuilding approach to the development of strength and body awareness to attempt but a small portion of basic gymnastics skills. These skills have no equal and should form a large part of any strength training element in a fitness program when combined with the next two items.
Just to be sure we are on the same wavelength here, by weightlifting I am referring to training with weights in a functional and explosive manner. I use the term weightlifting as opposed to weight training, strength training or resistance training to emphasise the functional nature this modality of training is aimed at developing.
Weightlifters are supreme athletes, unlike most of the “big boys“ you might come across at your local gym. It might surprise you to hear that weightlifters are among the most agile and flexible of all athletes and would be well versed in activities not exclusively pertaining to their sport. Also, weightlifters have been shown to have some of the highest vertical jumps of any other athlete, even the heavy weights can jump high and cover a 20-40 yard sprint at a blazing speed, as evidenced by the test conducted between sprinters and weightlifters at the 1968 Olympic games.
Weight lifting activity is useful for developing control of external objects. This is a must have skill in many sports and real life activities. The benefits of weightlifting span many domains from strength, speed, power and agility to coordination, balance, flexibility and accuracy. Having even just a basic understanding and development of skill in major compound lifts and the Olympic lifts will improve one‘s physiological capacity for any sport, including marathon runners and other endurance athletes to a limited degree.
So why do we utilise major compound movements and neglect the smaller ones? Also why do I believe that weightlifting is useful in combination with gymnastics elements? The reason for both of these is the neuroendocrine response. A heavy deadlift or squat will activate the production of testosterone and human growth hormone more than anything else. There is nothing else that will provide the same stimulation. In fact, if bodybuilders simply stuck to these major movements and dropped their bicep curls and chest presses they would require performance enhancing drugs to a lesser degree than they do now. Provided it is supplemented and enhanced by a high quality, hormone-friendly diet.
Weightlifting should be added to a routine by using major movements and neglecting small, insignificant ones. Start with the squat, deadlifts, cleans, thrusters, bent over rows, bench press, overhead press, push press, jerk, overhead squat, snatch and anything else you can think of that requires a large amount of movement at more than one joint. Train movements, not muscles.
Continuous Acceleration Training
Continuous acceleration training sounds fancy and scientific but the reason I chose to use this title to describe it is because of the nature of the movements and the fact that it encompasses several different movement types.
Continuous acceleration training involves any exercise where there is no deceleration. A back squat can be performed explosively to develop power, but it requires that you decelerate at the top. A squat jump on the other hand requires you to keep accelerating with no deceleration component. You simply power up until you leave the ground as high as possible.
Continuous acceleration training involves plyometrics, throwing, sprinting and certain weightlifting movements. These exercises are predominantly used for the development of explosive muscular power.
Take a look at any sport or any high demanding job such as policing and you will notice the requirement for explosive muscular power. Many sports require jumping, throwing and sprinting and so do police work, military work, fire fighting etc. A comprehensive definition of fitness could not be contructed without the addition of these skills. This is why we incorporate them so widely in our programmes.
Utilise box jumps, medicine ball throws, field events (even for non field athletes), broad jumps, squat jumps, scissor jumps, cleans, short sprints, single leg bounding etc. This will develop elements of explosive power that cannot adequately be developed any other way. Keep in mind that building a large base of pure strength is required alongside the development of power and acceleration. One cannot be powerful if they are weak. The stronger you are the greater potential power you can develop.
Nutrition cannot be overlooked for the effectiveness of any strength and conditioning program. Also a definition of fitness may seem complete with just the training, however I don‘t subscribe to that belief. Without adequate nutrition the body simply does not function at its peak. So it makes sense to me that a definition of fitness should include a mention of the importance of nutrition. In fact, I consider nutrition to be a modality of fitness development in itself. Without it performance and capacity is compromised.
Effective nutrition follows a few simple rules. Mostly I recommend a primitive approach to eating. This is before grains and agriculture and before mankind started dying of heart disease instead of infectious disease. With modern advances in healthcare human beings would live a lot longer following what our bodies have adapted to eat over tens of thousands of years as opposed to just the last few thousand or even few hundred. Yes, ancient man did not live as long, however they never died of cancer or heart disease, they died of infection, infectious disease, exposure or being eaten by a scary animal of some sort.
A primitive diet consists of lean meat, plenty of fish, nuts, seeds, fruits, cruciferous vegetables and leafy greens. I will add the consumption of milk, eggs and some legumes. Eliminate most grains such as wheat, cereals, oats and corn. Eliminate sugars, high carbohydrate foods manufactured by man, starchy vergetables such as potatoes, carrots and turnips.
An outstanding diet should consist of high protein, low to moderate carbohydrate and moderate-high fat, with most fat coming from non-processed sources such as olive oil, canola, fish, nuts and eggs. Keep in mind though that saturated fat and cholesterol are essential components to hormone production, so do not eliminate them entirely. Enjoy a steak with the fat left on and don't throw out your eggs yolks.
I have also done a lot of research into the benefits of intermittent fasting. This is the one major practice that has shown definitive results into longevity research. Essentially intermittent fasting has been shown, for various reasons, to increase the lifespan of most mammals and even insects.
How do you fast? Set aside periods of time where you will consume nothing but water and electrolytes. 12 hour fasts can be practiced every day, 24 hour fasts 1-3 times a week and 36-48 hour fasts once every 14-21 days. Personally though, I recommend the 16-hour fasting model, which includes the time you spend sleeping. As an example you will fast from 9pm until 1pm the next day.
A definition of fitness would not be complete without simulation of skills and capacities in relevant contexts. What I am referring to is anything that puts physical attributes developed in training into a context and into practice. This includes sport, fight training etc.
I always encourage people to engage in regular sporting activities at least at the social level. Sports mimic the demands of nature and are perfect tests for the efficacy of a strength and conditioning program. Sports were, in ancient times, developed for the purpose of simulation of war and other real life activities.
Remember, you’re only as fit as what you can use in the real world. Having enormous endurance in your thumbs is of little use to a soccer player, but is valuable for the video game champion.
Further, simulation is valuable in order to get a realistic comparison of your own fitness in relation to the fitness of others. You might feel fit and strong, but until you put it to the test in competition, you really don't know.
Putting it all Together
As far as a definition of fitness goes, this has been a lengthy one and probably more of a complete explanation and guide as opposed to just a definition of fitness. But for our definition of fitness to be complete I feel it necessary to include the integration of what has been learned.
For the fitness we aim to develop and promote it is essential to modulate and control each and every aspect through an endless variation of combinations and phases that are carefully constructed. Nature has no distinction between weight training and cardio, it is all work. Sets, reps, rest periods etc are all irrelevant if they are kept consistent. A broadly developed physical condition is effective throughout not only broad domains but also for the specialist athlete.
I recommend varying sets, reps, rest periods, exercise ordering and every other variable imaginable. This promotes complete and full physiological development. What I am saying is that for fitness to be truly functional it needs to cater to a broad range of needs within your scope. Cover all your bases and leave no weak links.
In other words, cycle your training, don't try to progress in a never-ending linear fashion. It just won't happen, you'll hit a limit and will fail to progress at some point.
We use elements of gymnastics to develop metabolic responses just the same as we use sprinting or jumping to develop strength and power. It‘s all output and it all contributes to coping with physical demands associated with endless tasks from sports to job-related fitness. When I say there is no distinction, I mean there is no categorisation, such as low reps for strength athletes, or high reps for endurance. If something can be deemed useful for a purpose then it is used, even when it falls outside of conventional wisdom. Keep in mind however, this may be contradictory to even our own models and definitions. Certain protocols and doses produce different results. The main point is that something is not excluded based on not fitting the mold. If it is in some way even indirectly useful then it may be used as a tool, even if it defies the modern so-called rules.
This is our personal definition of fitness in explanation format. To put it simply our definition of fitness might look like this…
Specific physical capacities developed to a level that is, in relation to a chosen baseline of comparison, high and efficient with the ability to transfer and apply to required tasks.
Our definition of fitness is unique and takes many components of sports science, athletic coaching and even crossfit into consideration. I think it sums things up nicely and, for those that take fitness seriously enough, is thorough enough to read, understand and learn about where to go from here and what to do within their best interest of developing physical capacities beyond what you have been led to believe you are capable of for your given age, race and gender.
Thanks for reading the DEFINITION OF FITNESS, UNLEASHED TRAINING STYLE.
YOUR SYDNEY SPRINT COACH – Chris Lyons
Chris Lyons is a sprint coach that has been in the sports conditioning field since 2002 as a sprint coach, strength and conditioning coach and personal trainer. A successful track athlete himself, Chris has trained a number of athletes ranging in age from 10 year old rugby league players to masters athletes in their late 80s (oldest client being 91). Chris Lyons and Unleashed Training has also worked with people outside of sports to transform their physique and their fitness using the training methods of elite athletes.
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